Neuropsychology: Clinical and Experimental Foundations is an engaging and balanced text, providing an intelligible introduction to how the mind works and what happens when the brain is damaged.
Neuropsychology provides an overview of the fascinating clinical evidence that gave rise to the field of human neuropsychology and reviews the latest experimental evidence. Unlike most neuropsychology textbooks that discuss intact functional systems (such as the visual system) separately from discussions of what happens when the system is damaged, this text integrates the material, making it easier from which to teach, and much more engaging from which to learn.Equal focus on both clinical foundations and experimental foundations provides an excellently balanced perspective that is unique to this text.
Chapters are organized by function, allowing for the discussion of an intact system and a damaged system within the same chapter and making the material more coherent and easier to learn.
"Neuropsychological Celebrity" feature boxes in every chapter detail case studies relevant to the material, providing fascinating and valuable insights into the functioning of the human brain and adding a more engaging and personal approach.
"Current Controversy" feature boxes in every chapter highlight more general questions in neuropsychology, such as ethical issues, general philosophical issues, and issues of current debate in the field.
"Real World" feature boxes in every chapter underline a question drawn from real-life experiences that will be familiar to many students.
Self-tests in every chapter help students test themselves on key ideas in the text, ensuring that they comprehend and master the materials.1. Introduction to Neuropsychology
1.1 Introduction to Neuropsychology
1.1.1 The 10% Myth
1.1.2 What is Neuropsychology?
1.1.3 Heart, Mind, and Brain: The Early History of Neuropsychology
1.1.4 The Mind-Body problem
1.2 The Recent History of Neuropsychology
1.2.1 Cataloguing the Effects of Lesions.
1.2.2 Focus on the Neuron.
1.2.3 The Brain Mappers.
1.2.4 Functional Neurosurgery.
1.2.5 The Paradigm Shift in Neuropsychology
2.1 Cells of the Nervous System.
2.1.1 Neurons & Glia: Structure and Function
2.1.2 Communication within the Neuron: The Action Potential
2.1.3 Communication between Neurons: The Synapse
2.2 The Nervous System.
2.2.1 Positional Terms
2.2.2. Divisions of the Nervous System
2.2.3 Spinal Cord.2.2.4 Divisions of the Brain
2.2.8 Connections between the two halves of the brain
2.2.9 Cranial Nerves
2.2.10 Blood Supply
126.96.36.199 The Meninges
188.8.131.52 The Ventricular System
184.108.40.206 The Blood-Brain Barrier.
3. Techniques in Neuropsychology
3.1 Study of the damaged nervous system.
3.1.1. The Scientific Method
3.1.2 Non-human animal models
3.1.3 Cognitive testing.
3.2 Brain Imaging.
3.2.1 Structural Imaging
3.2.2 Electrophysiological Measures
3.2.3 Functional imaging
4.1.1 Split brain
4.1.2 Sodium Amytal
4.1.3 Dichotic Listening
4.1.4 Tachistoscopic Presentations
4.1.5 Dual Task Paradigms
4.2 Neuroanatomical, Neurochemical, and Behavioral Findings.
4.2.1 Neuroanatomical asymmetries
4.2.2 Neurochemical asymmetries
4.2.3 Functional asymmetries
4.3 Why is there Hemispheric Specialization?
4.3.1 Environmental theories
4.3.2 Genetic theories
4.3.3 Developmental theories
4.3.4 Evolutionary theories.
5. The Sensorimotor System
5.1 Sensorimotor System.
5.1.1 Why sensorimotor?
5.1.2 Somatosensory receptors
5.1.3. Somatosensory pathways in the brain
5.1.4 Association Cortex
5.1.5 Secondary Motor Cortex
5.1.6 Primary Motor Cortex
5.1.7 Basal Ganglia and Cerebellum.
5.1.8 Descending and Ascending Motor Pathways
5.2 Deficits in the Sensorimotor System.
5.2.1 Cortical Sensorimotor Disorders
5.2.2 Subcortical Motor Disorders
6. Sensation and Perception: Vision
6.1 Organization of sensory systems.
6.1.1 Hierarchical Organization
6.1.3 Parallel Processing
6.2 Visual System.
6.2.1 Light: Stimulus for the visual system
6.2.2 The Eye and Retina
6.2.3 Retino-geniculate-striate system
6.2.4 Dorsal and Ventral Stream of Processing
6.3 Deficits in the Visual System.
6.3.2 Optic Aphasia
7.1 Types of Memories.
7.1.1 Working Memory and Short-term Memory.
7.1.2 Long-term Memory
7.2 Disorders of Memory.
7.2.1 Amnesia: Retrograde and Anterograde
8. Hearing and Language Processing
8.1 Auditory System.
8.1.2 The Ear
8.1.3 Auditory Pathways
8.1.4 Auditory Cortices
8.2 Language systems in the brain.
8.2.1 Models of Spoken Language
8.2.2 Models of Visual Language
8.2.3 Prosody and the Role of the Right Hemisphere in Language Processing.
8.2.4 Interim Summary
8.3 Disorders of Language and Auditory Perception.
8.3.2 Subtypes of acquired alexia
8.3.2 Alexia without agraphia
8.3.3 Agraphia without alexia
8.3.4 Subtypes of acquired agraphia
9.1.1 What is emotion? How does it differ from motivation?
9.1.2 Theories of emotion
9.1.3 Laterality of emotion
9.1.4 Role of subcortical structures in emotion.
9.1.5 Role of cortex in emotion
9.2 Disorders of Emotion.
9.2.1 Brain Damage and Lack of Affect
9.2.2 Klüver-Bucy Syndrome
9.2.3 Mood Disorders
10. Spatial Ability
10.1 Spatial Ability.
10.1.1 What is Spatial Ability?
10.1.2 Hemispheric Representation of Space
10.1.3 Parietal Lobes
10.1.4 Frontal Lobes
10.1.5 Temporal Lobes
10.1.6 Personal Representations of Space
10.1.7 Extrapersonal Space.
10.2 Disorders of Spatial Ability.
10.2.1 Disturbances in Personal Space
10.2.2 Disturbances of Extrapersonal Space
10.2.3 Balint-Holmes Syndrome.
11. Attention and Consciousness
11.1 Studying Attention.
11.1.1 Early versus late selection
11.1.2 How does attention shift? Voluntary versus Reflexive Orienting
11.1.3 Neural system(s) subserving attention
11.2 Studying Consciousness.
11.2.1 Defining Consciousness
11.2.2 The neural basis of consciousness
11.2.3 Methods of Studying Consciousness
11.3 Disorders of Attention and Consciousness.
11.3.2 Spatial Neglect
11.3.3 Bálint-Holmes syndrome.
12. Neural Development and Developmental Disorders
13.1 Neural Development
13.1.1 Early Development
13.1.2 Post Natal development
220.127.116.11 Parietal Lobe Development
18.104.22.168 Occipital Lobe Development
22.214.171.124 Temporal Lobe Development
126.96.36.199 Frontal Lobe Development
13.2 Disorders of Development
13.2.1 Potential Causes of Developmental Abnormalities
13.2.2 Developmental Dyslexia
13.2.3 Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD)
13. Human Brain Damage
14.1 Causes of Brain Damage.
188.8.131.52 Tumors arising from glial cells.
184.108.40.206 Tumors arising from the meninges
220.127.116.11 Metastatic tumors
14.1.2 Cerebrovascular Disorders
14.1.3 Head Injuries
18.104.22.168 Traumatic Brain Injury
22.214.171.124 Closed versus Open head Injury
14.2 Neurological and Psychiatric Diseases.
14.2.1 The Epilepsies.
14.2.2 Multiple Sclerosis and Amyotrophic Lateralizing Sclerosis
14.2.4 Mood Disorders
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